Parks in Tokyo
In parks, there are ample greenery, wide-open spaces, and open skies, which make them valuable places for recreation and add beauty to landscape.
In addition, parks’ greenery cleans the air, and their open spaces serve as evacuation sites in times of disaster. Parks also play a part in protecting scenic natural beauties.
Parks are classified into three groups: “urban parks,” which are specified by the Urban Park Act; “parks other than urban parks,” which are deemed equivalent to urban parks; and “natural parks,” which are specified by the Natural Parks Act.
Data on Parks
As of April 1, 2013, the total area of urban parks and parks other than urban parks in Tokyo comes to 7,642 hectares, or 5.77 square meters per capita.
Of those parks, urban parks managed by the Bureau (metropolitan parks) are 81 locations totaling 1,980 hectares, including Ueno Park, Inokashira Park, gardens designated as cultural properties, zoos, and botanical gardens.
Urban parks 7,877 locations, 5,721 hectares
- National government parks (2 locations, 172 hectares)
- Metropolitan parks (81 locations, 1,980 hectares)
- Municipal parks (7,794 locations, 3,569 hectares)
Parks other than urban parks 3,438 locations, 1,921 hectares
- Children's parks, etc. established by municipalities
- National gardens, etc. established by the national government
- Seaside parks established by the TMG Bureau of Port and Harbor
- Parks established on residential sites by public housing corporations, etc.
- Nature recreation parks established by the TMG Bureau of Environment
- National Parks (3 locations, 69,426 hectares)
- Quasi-national parks (1 location, 770 hectares)
- Metropolitan natural parks (6 locations, 9,686 hectares)
※Data as of April 1, 2013
Projects on Urban Parks
In the “Tokyo Vision 2020,” the TMG set a goal to “restore Tokyo to a beautiful city surrounded by water and greenery” as a key initiative, and, to achieve this, launched the “Building a Network of Water and Greenery” project. The project aims to develop 170 hectares of new metropolitan parks over the 10 years to 2020 (including 75 hectares of parks designated as disaster management sites) and to promote integrated development of parks, roads and rivers.
Based on the “2013 Action Program” for the “Tokyo Vision 2020,” the Bureau since fiscal 2013 has been proceeding with such projects as enhancing the disaster preparedness of metropolitan parks designated to serve as bases for disaster response activities and/or evacuation areas, revitalizing Ueno Park as a “cultural forest,” and restoring facilities in gardens designated as cultural properties, in addition to steadily proceeding with the expansion of metropolitan parks.
Recent, Ongoing and Upcoming Projects
Higashifushimi Park opened on April 1, 2013, as the 81st metropolitan park. The construction was undertaken as part of a pioneering project in which the development of a park, road and river is carried out in an integrated manner. Only a portion of the park is currently open to the public, and under the area, the Chofu-Hoya Route was constructed to go through a tunnel. The expansion of the park will be carried out in an integrated manner with the improvement works on the Shakujiigawa River.
In fiscal 2013, Higashifushimi Park opened and, in Wadabori Park and Noyamakita-Rokudoyama Park, new areas were opened to the public. The TMG will continue building parks steadily to increasing the total space of its parks.
Metropolitan parks have an important role in earthquake preparedness. In the TMG’s disaster management plan, some parks are designated as evacuation areas and/or bases for search and rescue operations. In addition to providing new such parks, the Bureau is also taking measure to make existing parks better prepared for a disaster. Improvements on existing parks also include repair work on old facilities and seismic retrofitting of structures.
Tokyo has been elected to host the Olympic and Paralympic Games in 2020, and some metropolitan parks are scheduled to serve as venues for the event. Set to do its part to make the Games successful, the Bureau will start in earnest preparations for event venues.
Use of the Designated Administrator System
To provide high-quality services at metropolitan parks, cemeteries and other facilities which the Bureau manages and to ensure that those facilities are administered and managed effectively and efficiently, the Bureau uses the designated administrator system which enables operations to be entrusted to approved private sector companies. The administration and management by the designated administrators are evaluated by a team including outside experts, and the results are released.